Review by Jeffrey Martin
Appleton, Naomi, Sarah Shaw, and Toshiya Unebe. Illuminating the Life of the Buddha: An Illustrated Chanting Book from Eighteenth-century Siam. Oxford, England: Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, 2013. Print. 142 pp.
This brief book describes and illustrates (in 86 photographs) an 18-century samut khoi, an illuminated Thai manuscript now in the collection of the Bodleian Library, Oxford University.
The manuscript’s format is traditional to Buddhist texts in many countries: a stack of long sheets of paper bound between planks of leather, wood, lacquer, or other hard material as covers. This particular manuscript was made of several sheets of paper joined into one long piece, folded fan-like, into a stack 660mm long by 95mm wide. Each fold in the fan contains two flanking illustrations, with text in the center, but the content of the paintings and the text are only loosely related. The text is an assortment of canonical material, from Vinaya to Abhidhamma to Qualities of the Buddha. The illustrations depict the last 10 Jātaka stories, the early life of the Bodhisatta, and the Life of the Buddha. It is possible this text was created in Thailand specifically for Sri Lankan monks and thus contains what were considered essential texts to help restore what was then a lapsed monastic tradition.
A visual map of the manuscript
A textual map of the manuscript
People’s Daily Online
June 18, 2014
Located in central China’s Henan Province, the Longmen Grottoes is a World Cultural Heritage recognized by UNESCO in 2000. The stone carvings in Longmen Grottoes were started from the reign of Emperor Xiaowen of North Wei Dynasty (471-477) and lasted over 400 years to complete.
Representing the highest stone-carving level of China, the Longmen Grottoes stretches about 1 kilometer from south to north, with over 1,300 grottoes, 2,345 shrines, over 3,600 inscriptions, over 50 pagodas and over 97,000 Buddha statues. It is not only a stone-carving art museum, but also an encyclopedia of history and culture.
For more photos, follow the [link].
People’s Daily Online
July 01, 2014
A photo of ancient murals in Xuankong Gumiao. (Xinhua/Jiang Hongjing)
Wall paintings discovered inside an ancient Buddhist temple were in need of comprehensive protection and restoration. The temple, Xuankong Gumiao, or “Suspended Ancient Temple”, is located 3,200 meters above sea level, on top of Gada Mountain of Jinchuan in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.
The wall paintings are described as “delicately well-crafted”. However, after thousands of years of wind and rain, the temple is collapsing and some of murals have been seriously damaged. Historians then call for better protection and repairing of those murals.
For more photos, follow the [link].
June 16, 2014
Towards the middle of the thirteenth century, Chinese imperial court painting typically resembled that seen in the Four Sages of Mount Shang, a work by renowned artist Ma Yuan. It was probably painted at the court of Southern Song Emperor Lizong in Linan, Hangzhou province, around 1225. (fig. 1) The Four Sages are mythic figures who are said to have disagreed with the actions of a Han dynasty emperor. In order to preserve their moral integrity, they withdrew to Mount Shang where they pursued the arts of self-cultivation, thereby exemplifying Confucian and Taoist ideals. The painting’s aesthetic and its technique—masterful brushstrokes and subtle washes of color on paper—epitomise the prevailing canons of Southern Song painting.
Within seventy years, Chinese imperial court art also looked like the image in figure 2. The painted stone sculpture, now in the Musee Guimet in Paris, depicts Tibetan Buddhist protector deity Mahakala in his guise as Gurgyi Gonpo (mgur gyi mgon po). The image is rendered in what Himalayan specialists will recognise to be a Nepalese or Newar style. This startling new imperial court style reflects the enormous social and political changes brought about by Mongol rule in China. Between 1260 and 1368, patronage of Tibetan Buddhism and its arts were one of the largest expenditures of the Yuan state, amounting to several tons of gold and silver, and hundreds of thousands of bolts of silk.
This essay examines a group of Buddhist initiations paintings in a private collection. Like the Guimet Gurgyi Gonpo sculpture, they are likely to be rare surviving examples of a Himalayan-inspired school of art that flourished at the Chinese Yuan court.The style combines Tibetan Buddhist iconography and mid-thirteenth century Newar painting traditions with elements of style—notably textile and costume design—that are demonstrably Chinese Yuan. Moreover, two paintings within the group portray a Yuan Mongol emperor and a Tibetan Buddhist Sakya hierarch.
To view the complete article and illustrations, follow the [link].
Carmen Mensink is a Dutch painter working in the Tibetan thangka tradition and will be conducting classes throughout the state of New York during July 2014. For a full schedule and descriptions of classes, please visit her website here.
Colorado Springs Independent
May 21, 2014
Thangka by Joan Bredin-Price
When you step into Colorado College’s IDEA Space during its 2014 summer exhibition Mandala of Enlightenment: The Dhyani Buddhas and Tara: Goddess of Liberation, you might think you’re simply surrounded by a couple dozen pieces of traditional Tibetan Buddhist art.
It’ll take some work on your part — reading the wall texts, in particular — to understand what’s happening in Joan Bredin-Price’s paintings around you. Continue reading
May 13, 2014
Artist Tenkei Shichiruido, 52, paints on one of 92 fusuma sliding doors that depict stories such as the introduction of Zen Buddhism into Japan at Ryosokuin temple in Kyoto. Ryosokuin is a sub-temple of Kenninji, the main temple of the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism. This year, the sect will hold an 800th memorial service for its founder, Yosai. Sixteen of the 92 doors will be unveiled to the public in July.